About Me

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I am married with two children, one young man and one preteen girl. I recently started substituting in two different districts. I have been exposed to various students in an array of academic situations. The opportunity for great ideas has been afforded to me through these experiences. My undergraduate certification is in Secondary English Education. My Master of Science is Computer Education. I enjoy combining Language Arts and Technology. My latest hobby is to constantly update and improve on my new website dbgarippo.org


Mrs. Garippo

Blog Archive

Tuesday, July 3, 2007

Multiple Choice practice quiz

Multiple Choices: Choose the word/phrase that best completes each statement.

  1. This story takes place during
    a. The Civil War
    b. WWI
    c. WWII
    d. The Great Depression

  2. This story takes place near the Salinas River in
    a. Virginia
    b. California
    c. Kansas
    d. Canada

  3. George and Lennie dreamed of having a little ranch of their own
    a. To “live off the fat of the land.”
    b. To never have to work for another man again
    c. To keep Lennie out of harms’ way
    d. All of the above

  4. Curley wants revenge on Lennie at the end of the novel for
    a. Killing his wife
    b. Crippling his hand
    c. Killing his puppy
    d. Making a fool out of him in a euchre game

  5. At the end of the novel, Lennie fled to
    a. Aunt Clara’s old farm near Sacramento
    b. Back to Weed
    c. The next ranch
    d. The brush by the river; first campsite

  6. The character in the story whom we feel the least sympathy for is
    a. Crooks
    b. Lennie
    c. Curley
    d. Curley’s Wife

  7. George tells Lennie not to speak to anyone when they first arrive at the ranch
    a. Because he is ashamed of Lennie
    b. Because George has to be the big shot all the time
    c. Because the Boss will not hire them if he realizes Lennie is retarded
    d. Lennie gets into trouble and fights easily

  8. Curley’s Wife learns the truth about how Curley’s hand got crushed when
    a. She sees the machinery in the barn
    b. Slim tells her
    c. When Curley tells her to get her sympathy
    d. When she guesses how Lennie got the bruises on his face

  9. Lennie could not be considered
    a. Mean
    b. Loyal c. Forgetful
    d. Childlike

  10. Crooks tormented Lennie by
    a. Taking his food
    b. Ridiculing his appearance
    c. Telling Lennie that George might not return and Lennie would be alone
    d. Calling him racial slurs

  11. When Lennie killed the puppy, he worried that
    a. Wouldn’t be allowed to tend b. Clara would find out c. George and he would get fired d. Slim would beat him up

  12. Lennie carried a dead mouse in his pocket to: a. scare people with b. annoy George c.To hide it d. d. To pet because it was soft

  13. Lennie’s fondness for mice, rabbits and puppies reveals a. His childlike personality b. His need to hurt things c. His ability to work with animals d. Foreshadow the ending

  14. At the beginning, George and Lennie were on the run because a. Lennie was accused of attacking a girl b. George was caught stealing c. George had killed a man d. They were both going to be lynched

  15. To cope with his loneliness, Crooks a. Reads b. books c. Fights prejudice with predjudice
    d. Plays horseshoes
    e. All of the above
    f. None of the above

  16. The boss is suspicious of Lennie because
    a. He has shifty eyes
    b. He is so big
    c. He doesn’t talk
    e. He kills animals

  17. Curley’s wife invites Lennie to touch
    a. The mutt
    b. Her red dress
    c. Her hair
    d. The rabbit

  18. The men joke about Curley because he wears
    a. Loud shirts
    b. A Vaseline-filled glove
    c. Fancy boots
    d. A big hat

  19. The death of the puppy is discovered by
    a. George
    b. Curley
    c. Candy
    d. Curley’s wife

  20. Lennie crushes
    a. Barley
    b. Candy’s dog
    c. Curley’s hand
    d. His rabbit

  21. George kills Lennie with
    a. Carlson’s gun
    b. His hand
    c. A shotgun
    d. A knife

  22. On the dream farm, Lennie will tend
    a. Cows
    b. Pigs
    c. Rabbits
    d. Cats

  23. The conflict(s) of the novelette is(are):
    a. Man vs. society
    b. Man vs. man
    c. Man vs. himself
    d. All of the above
    e. Both A and C

  24. George is upset when they first arrive at the bunkhouse because
    a. They missed lunch
    b. One of the ranch hands starts touching George’s possession
    c. He finds a can of insect and lice killer on the shelf above his mattress
    d. The boss has told him Lennie and George can’t work together

  25. As they’re on the riverbank preparing for dinner, Lennie complains that they don’t have
    a. Spoons to eat with
    b. Chocolate cake for dessert
    c. Matches to light a fire
    d. Ketchup for the beans

    True/False- Write out the complete word.

    Lennie realizes the ranch is a “mean” place and wants to leave.
    George warns Lennie to stay away from Curley.
    George looks after Lennie because they are cousins.
    According to Candy, Curley, is a bully who likes to pick fights with men bigger than he is.
    Lennie likes to kill small animals.
    Lennie is too frightened to defend himself.
    Aunt Clara is unable to care for Lennie because of her own mental handicap.

    Matching- Match each person or place with the appropriate identifying phrase.

    Curley’s wife

    Stable buck
    The old swamper
    Lennie’s aunt
    Bored and restless
    Town near the ranch
    The boss’s son :prince of the ranch”

Sunday, March 18, 2007

Critical View

I have added some critical lense questions for you to ponder. Take a look, consider them and tell me what you think. How do they relate to Steinbeck's novel Of Mice and Men?

  1. "Dreams can inspire us and give us hope for a better tomorrow even if they seem impossible to achieve."

  2. Crooks, Lennie, Candy, and Curley's wife are lonely people with specific needs. Compare the four characters and discuss what they need and want to end their respective feelings of loneliness.

  3. John Steinbeck stated, "The writer is charged with exposing our many grievous faults and failures, with dredging up to the light our dark and dangerous dreams for the purpose of improvement." Interpret this quote and explain how it is relevant to the novella Of Mice and Men.

  4. In the adult world, we are not always given a clear cut choice between good and evil, or right and wrong; sometimes the best choice we can make is "the lesser of two evils." In Of Mice and Men George has to make such a decision about his best friend, Lennie.

  • Explain what were George's feelings for Lennie.

  • What were all of George's options when Lennie kills Curley's wife accidentally?

  • Why did George choose to deal with the crisis in the manner he chose?

  • In your opinion, does George do the right thing in killing Lennie?

Saturday, March 17, 2007

Life in the thirties

The thirties brought with it The Great Depression. The Great Depression was an economic downturn which started in 1929 (although its effects were not fully felt until late 1930) and lasted through most of the 1930s. It centered in North America and Europe, but had devastating effects around the world, particularly in industrialized countries. Cities all around the world were hit hard, especially those based on heavy industry. Unemployment and homelessness soared. Construction was virtually halted in many countries. Farmers and rural areas suffered as prices for crops fell by 40–60%. [1] Mining and logging areas had perhaps the most striking blow because the demand fell sharply and there were hardly any other alternatives. The Great Depression ended at different times in different countries; for subsequent history see Home front during World War II. This time line suggests why gangsters were considered considered hero's.

It is very interesting to
recognize the developments of the thirties and how the American people survived. Hoover provided rhetoric to the public in order silence the people.

After reading the novel, Of Mice and Men, I began researching the living conditions of migrant workers today. It is amazing that across the globe, there are many migrant workers still.
Living Conditions of Migrant Workers:
“In 1994-95, sixty one percent of farm workers lived in poverty….”(Farm Worker Conditions, 2000). Not only does this quote illustrate how many migrant workers live in poverty, it also indicates that poverty of migrant workers is on the rise. The conditions the majority of migrant workers have to deal with are appalling. Most migrant farm workers do not have enough money to supply themselves with tolerable living conditions. These workers, who work so hard to put food on our tables, are often not paid enough to put a roof over their head and food on their table. Although in many cases housing for migrant workers is worsening, there are efforts being made to try and improve the miserable conditions that they have to live and work in.

Living Conditions of Migrant Workers in the US today:
800,000 of the 2.5 million migrant workers in the U.S. do not have the proper living conditions that they should be entitled to. Often times, farm owners will greatly over price the ragged housing that they supply. For example, in the city of Immokalee it costs $950 to rent a trailer, this is equal to the price of a seaside apartment and two times that of a three-bedroom house. (Steven Greenhouse, New York Times, 1998). A study in 1980 found that most housing provided for migrant workers often times did not have heat, plumbing, and sanitation. More up to date investigations have shown that these problems are still occur today, such as in the study by CASA of Oregon, which discovered that just eight percent of housing for migrant workers in Oregon was in good condition. (Fitting the Pieces Together, 1996) “The housing shortage is so severe that in harvest-time visits to farming communities up and down both coasts over the last year, workers were found packed 10 or 12 into trailers and sleeping in garages, tool sheds, caves, fields and parking lots.” (Steven Greenhouse, New York Times, 1998).
The cause of the massive numbers of migrant workers living in poverty is simply due to the fact that migrant workers are not paid enough for the contributions they make to the farming industry. Many people believe that migrant workers do not deserve to be paid as much non-farming Americans because, although most are legal, they presume that they are illegal immigrants. Their work is also frequently taken for granted or viewed as insignificant compared to other occupations. This attitude about migrant workers couldn't’t be farther from the truth. “They are the hundreds of thousands of migrant and seasonal farm workers who do the hard work of planting, tending and harvesting many of the crops that Americans expect to find at their grocery stores reasonably priced and unblemished.” (Fitting the Pieces Together, 1996). Most of the time, the needs of migrant workers are not given much thought or completely ignored. This is often because they move around frequently, are commonly made up of minorities, and are poor. It is becoming harder and harder to ignore the fact that the number of migrant workers in poverty is on the rise, sixty one percent lived in poverty in 1995 weighed against fifty percent in 1990. This is in part due to the fact that throughout the past twenty years the income of migrant workers has not kept up with the rate of inflation, leaving it nearly impossible for migrant workers to pay for their basic needs. Their average hourly salary, of $6.17, is seven percent less than it was in 1977 and is half the average salary for all other Americans. (Farm Worker Conditions, 1996).
There are efforts being made to try and reduce the great number of migrant workers living in poverty. Some states require all farm owners to supply their workers with housing. This is a good attempt, but these laws are often ignored because of the fact that many farm owners do not take the time to register. A study in 1980 estimated that migrant farm workers were in need of 756,196 housing units. Since that time, no real improvements have been made, which implies that the need for housing has not gone down. (Fitting the Pieces Together, 1996).
The U.S. often prides itself in having some the cheapest food in the world, and although this may be true, it does not come without a price. The hard working migrant workers of America bear this price by being paid bare minimum wages. As a result of this, migrant workers are forced to live in worn out shacks or trailers, and sometimes without any kind of shelter at all. Some attempts are being made to try and improve the conditions in which these workers have to live in, but there still remain drastic improvements to be made and thousands of housing units to be built.

Here are two Interviews that I was able to dig up. They are with a 75 year old woman who discusses life in the 30's and 40's. Good Stuff!

This video sets found on YouTube, sets the appropriate mood of the times: Brother can you spare a dime?

Works Cited
1. "As U.S. Economy Booms, Housing for Migrant Workers Worsens." New York Times 31 May 1998. 5 Mar. 2002 .
2. Farm Worker Conditions. 18 Sept. 2000. Agricultural Missions Inc. National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA. 5 Mar. 2002 .
3. Fitting The Pieces Together: An Examination of Sources Related to Farm worker Housing. 1996. Housing Assistance Council. 6 Mar. 2002 <

Friday, March 16, 2007

Video Clip of scene's from the play!

Here are a few scenes from the play From meglanza.
When Curley's wife confronts Lennie, Candy, and Crooks in the stable, she admits to feeling a kind of blatant dissatisfaction with her life. Her vulnerability is portrayed as weakness by Steinbeck. During this scene and later—when she admits to Lennie her dream of becoming a movie star, Steinbeck momentarily depicts her as more of a human than the stereotypical vixen in fancy red shoes. However, it also reinforces the novel’s grim outlook.
By the way, does anyone know Curley's wife name?
It is interesting that Steinbeck doesn't give her enough of an identity to have named her. She is nameless, as though he is representing her as all women.
What do you think he is saying about how society felt about women at that time?

Check out these scene's from the play!
Toward the end of the clip, another play scene is presented. Can anyone explain the correlation between the two plays?

Thursday, March 15, 2007

Steinbeck's Biography

John Steinbeck (1902-1968), born in Salinas, California, came from a family of moderate means. He worked his way through college at Stanford University but never graduated. In 1925 he went to New York, where he tried for a few years to establish himself as a free-lance writer, but he failed and returned to California. After publishing some novels and short stories, Steinbeck first became widely known with Tortilla Flat (1935), a series of humorous stories about Monterey paisanos.Steinbeck's novels can all be classified as social novels dealing with the economic problems of rural labour, but there is also a streak of worship of the soil in his books, which does not always agree with his matter-of-fact sociological approach. After the rough and earthy humour of Tortilla Flat, he moved on to more serious fiction, often aggressive in its social criticism, to In Dubious Battle (1936), which deals with the strikes of the migratory fruit pickers on California plantations. This was followed by Of Mice and Men (1937), the story of the imbecile giant Lennie, and a series of admirable short stories collected in the volume The Long Valley (1938). In 1939 he published what is considered his best work, The Grapes of Wrath, the story of Oklahoma tenant farmers who, unable to earn a living from the land, moved to California where they became migratory workers.Among his later works should be mentioned East of Eden (1952), The Winter of Our Discontent (1961), and Travels with Charley (1962), a travelogue in which Steinbeck wrote about his impressions during a three-month tour in a truck that led him through forty American states. He died in New York City in 1968.
Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901-1967, Editor Horst Frenz, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1969
This autobiography/biography was first published in the book series
Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.

John Steinbeck died on December 20, 1968.
Copyright © The Nobel Foundation 1962

You may view the source and discover many more interesting facts about Steinbeck's life!


I have started with Lennie Small. I included what I thought about him and his physical appearance. Can someone help with with the rest of the character's? I've listed them, with physical and a few personality attributes. If there are any I may have forgotten, please let me know.
  1. It is important to start with Lennie Small. Lennie is a crucial aspect into recognizing Steinbeck’s philosophy and the world in which he lived. He is huge, shapeless, pale eyes, and slow moving.
    Lennie is among the principal characters in Of Mice and Men. He is one dimensional and does not under go any significant changes or growth throughout the novel. This is most likely due to his underdeveloped mental state. He is child like and innocent. He represents the "good" and "pure".
  2. George Milton is small, quick, dark of face and eyes, restless.
  3. Slim is jerk line skinner, local authority
  4. Candy is an old swamper. He is missing one hand, rendering him physically handicapped.
  5. Crooks is the only African American in the novel. He is a stable buck who had a back injury.
  6. The Boss is the owner of a ranch.
  7. Curley is the bosses son. His short height makes him insecure and angry. He was once once a welterweight boxer.
  8. Curley's wife is young and considered a tart and a tease.
  9. Carlson (Carl) is a ranch hand.
  10. Smitty is another ranch hand. He fought with Crooks at earlier Christmas party.
  11. Whit is a young laborer at the ranch.
  12. Whitey is a previous bunkhouse occupant. He apparently was overly clean.
  13. Al Wilts is the deputy sheriff in Soledad.
  14. Bill Tenner is a former pea cultivator operator at the ranch.
  15. Susy owns a house in town.
  16. Carla owns another house.
  17. Aunt Clara is Lennie's dead aunt, from his Auburn childhood.

A masterpiece in Mice and Men

Steinbeck created a masterpiece classic with literary satire and genre. Of Mice and Men has proven to transcend time and space in the face of an ever changing world. The elements of all literature have been discussed in previous blog’s. Steinbeck does not disappoint the reader by withholding the components of a true novel. Sexual issues Good VS Evil Innate human behavior
I would like to offer in this blog exposure and input to Steinbeck’s intent and raw truth.

Sexual issues
Good VS Evil
Innate human behavior

I would like to offer in this blog exposure and input to Steinbeck’s intent and raw truth.